Pin It
Sunday, June 17th, 2012

Scandinavian Midsummer Festival: June 21

Midsummer-in-Sweden/ Bo Lind-Visit Sweden/

Traditionally in Scandinavian countries on the 21st of June, bonfires glow in a night with no darkness, since at this time of year the sun never really sets. On this evening, buried treasures can be discovered by studying how moonbeams fall. Girls and young women pick flowers on their way home and lay them under their pillows so that that their dreams reveal who their husbands will be. They also keep watch at springs for a reflection of their husband-to-be in the water. Long considered a magical night, it is a popular time of year for weddings and christening ceremonies and is the best time for telling people’s futures.

What are these mysterious practices? These are all examples of the ancient customs that were carried out on Midsummer’s Eve in the hours leading up to the joyful celebration known as Midsummer Festival.

Summer in Scandinavian countries is short but very special. Mother Nature bursts into bloom in June with an amazing display of lush green, a rainbow palette of flowers and nights that barely darken. The Midsummer festival is a celebration of the Summer Solstice—the longest day of the year (June 21). Most Midsummer’s Eve celebrations take place on the Saturday between June 20 and June 26 and on the preceding evening. It is one of Scandinavia’s most popular festivals and observed as a national holiday in Sweden.

The celebration of the summer solstice is an ancient practice dating back to pagan times. The Midsummer tradition, which originally honored the defeat of darkness by the powers of the sun god, was traditionally a fertility festival, with customs and rituals centered around the bounties of nature and the hope for a good harvest the coming autumn.

One of the key elements of the festival is the maypole (Majstång). People often begin the day by picking flowers and making wreaths to place on the maypole, which is later raised in an open area. It is then time for the traditional ring-dances, folk songs and games to ensue, to the delight of children and grown-ups alike. Another is the lighting of bonfires, a practice that, in Europe, dates back to the 6th century A.D.

In Sweden, where the festival is known as Midsommar, it is celebrated in the countryside in large gatherings and is an occasion that brings whole families together. People decorate their houses inside and out with wreaths and flower garlands and bonfires are lit for this day of dancing, singing and general merrymaking. Almost every part of Sweden can boast its own folk costume; however, these colorful ensembles are rarely worn except at Midsummer.

Midsummer’s Eve is also a popular celebration in Norway, where it is also called Jonsok. In Denmark the holiday coincides with Sankt Hans aften (St. John’s Eve), which Danes celebrate on the eve of June 23rd. In both these countries, the holiday is celebrated with large bonfires and processions in the evening.

As with all major Scandinavian traditions, celebrating entails good holiday food. A traditional Midsummer menu features different kinds of herring, smoked fish, boiled new potatoes (served with fresh dill, sour cream and raw red onion in Sweden, for example), fresh fruit, such as the first strawberries of summer, as well as cold beer and schnapps, preferably spiced! When the glasses are refilled, the singing begins once again.

© 2012, Natasha Shevelyov. All rights reserved.

More Great Stuff You'll Love:

How I Moved to Thailand with my Family on Less than $1000

It's cheaper than you think to make that move abroad you always dreamed about

Are Germans Really Rude?

This German dad shares his thoughts

Don’t Touch My Child! Lessons from Asia

Has the West taken fear too far?

10 Things Not to Say to Parents of Multilingual Children

Have you been guilty of any of these?


San Francisco native Natasha Shevelyov is a freelance writer, editor and translator. A veteran of interdisciplinary and international studies, she works with several NGOs that support cultural and environmental issues of global significance, including In her spare time she is currently endeavoring to explore and create a dialogue on themes in Russian literature and culture by launching , which she hopes will be a forum for writers to share in an innovative dialectic and a means to enhance communication on related themes. She speaks fluent Russian and French.

Leave us a comment!

Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail.
Or leave your email address and click here to receive email notifications of new comments without leaving a comment yourself.

Get weekly updates right in your inbox so you don't miss out!

Why I Travel 13 Hours Alone with My Kids Every Chance I Get

Travelling with children, while definitely more of a mission, contradicts the old saying that “life is about the journey, not the destination.”

A Diverse Book for Preschoolers in Celebration of Multicultural Children's Book Day

A book that honestly and simply celebrates the every day diversity that children experience.

Why My African Feminist Mother Gave Me the Identity of My Father's Tribe

She gave me an identity so different from her own.

2 Children’s Books about Jamaica

Explore Jamaica with your child.

Costa Rica with Kids: Two Weeks of Family Travel

Two weeks of Pura Vida in a country with so much to offer families.

Should I Worry about My Child's Accent in Her Foreign Language?

See why Dr. Gupta takes offense to this question and where children learn accents from

How to raise trilingual kids when exposure to Dad's language is limited

My kids only get 1-2 hours of the minority language per day-help!

What Cultural Norms Around Bare Feet Taught This Mother in Guatemala

Her baby's bare feet ended up being a lesson on poverty and privilege.
[…] the breastfeeding culture in Mongolia compared to America. Did you have any idea that something as simple as breastfeeding attitudes can […...
From Breastfeeding in the Land of Genghis Khan
My mother born in the 1930's is originally from the northern part of Germany. I am in my mid fifties and have a terrible relationship with my mother. She is domineering and hurts those where it hurt...
From Are Germans Really Rude?
[…] JC Niala, InCultureParent […...
From Why African Babies Don’t Cry
[…] […...
From Breastfeeding Around the World
Although humanity is one Man (in a generic sense, including woman)has identified himself endless groups, religious, nationalistic, ethnic, cultural, linguistic, etc. Once you separate ME from YOU on...
From What’s an Asian? Race and Identity for a New Generation
[…] […...
From Breastfeeding in the Land of Genghis Khan
Some great tips here but not many working mothers could feed baby every hour especially if you work in a major multi-nationa...
From Why African Babies Don’t Cry
So true!!! Thanks for being so honest and self reflective. It's a proof of true characte...
From Are Germans Really Rude?
As a first-time mom I've spent the last two months of my four-month-old's life stressed out about her sleep and I recognize how crazy this is. It's clearly not working for me! I'm wondering how non-...
From The West’s Strange Relationship to Babies and Sleep

More Global Celebrations